By William Woodruff
This ebook investigates the main alterations in international heritage and global economic climate in past times years and explains to what volume international forces were chargeable for shaping either prior and current. Its underlying subject is the fight for strength during which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. some of the difficulties of the modern global - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. till the increase of the West, and its incomparable influence on each department of human job, the centre of the area has been in Asia. by means of the 19th century international strength used to be firmly within the fingers of the West. America's later upward thrust to international prestige used to be triggered through the 2 international wars. the main well-liked of the Western countries, the USA is now blamed for all of the excesses of an past colonial age.
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Extra resources for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
Central to the story of Russia's past is the influence of endemic warfare (which Russia's vast accessible plain, three quarters of it less than 1,800 feet above sea level, has encouraged). War and want and suffering have plagued Russia; they still do. Old Russia [Stalin once remarked] ... was ceaselessly beaten for her backwardness. She was beaten by the Mongol Khans. She was beaten by the Turkish beys. She was beaten by the Swedish feudal lords. She was beaten by the Polish-Lithuanian gentry. She was beaten by Anglo-French capitalists.
In Stalin the oriental traits predominated. " Stalin's paranoid attitude to foreigners was also the product of Russia's age-old isolation. While, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century, millions of western Europeans were free to emigrate to America, most Russians remained isolated, bound and hobbled by a rigid serfdom. The Russian serf knew freedom from his master only for two weeks each year. From 1593 onward even this right was revoked. After 1648 a runaway serf had no rights whatsoever.
Geography also provided a stimulus to the maritime nations of Europe. Once the trade monopoly of the Italians and the Arabs in the Levant was broken (by the opening of new sea routes around Africa51 to the East), the shift from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic provided a spur to the maritime nations, first to Spain and Portugal, and later to France, Britain, and the Netherlands. These changes stimulated the development of mercantilist regulations of trade which became a system of power in themselves.
A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present by William Woodruff