By John Pickles
This publication offers a vital perception into the practices and ideas of maps and map-making. It attracts on a variety of social theorists, and theorists of maps and cartography, to teach how maps and map-making have formed the areas within which we live.
Going past the focal point of conventional cartography, the e-book attracts on examples of using maps from the 16th century to the current, together with their function in initiatives of the nationwide and colonial nation, emergent capitalism and the planetary awareness of the usual sciences. It additionally considers using maps for army reasons, maps that experience coded smooth conceptions of future health, ailment and social personality, and maps of the obvious human physique and the obvious earth.
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Additional resources for A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping and the Geo-Coded World (Frontiers of Human Geography)
Interpreting the meaning of maps also requires that other issues be considered. Two symbolic systems are involved: graphical images and writing systems. Not only does the image exist in a reductive relationship to the world, but graphical systems always also exist as interplays between 58 Deconstructing the map images, linguistic texts and broader social contexts. , maps 'play' in at least two registers). For cartographers, this complexity of meaning has generally been seen as a technical problem to be either dissolved by careful adherence to established mapping practices or explained in terms of the creative ability of the map-maker.
We are faced with layers of textuality: the map itself, the immediate context of the map (its caption, the chapter and the work of which it is a part) and the wider context of the map (the opus of the individual cartographer or school, the opus to which the text itself belongs, the sociocultural context of the work). But although the map is an embedded figure, the map is also an object that has a structural autonomy independent of both its production and its use, and thus requires an analysis of the work itself.
The map is thus a coded message whose relationship to the object-world it evokes is particularly complex. While photographs are also complex recodings of visual schemas, objects and contexts, the map requires additional projections, symbols and codings. What is the nature of these codings? The map is a message. As the previous discussion suggests, cartographers and geographers have traditionally taken this message to involve a source, a medium and a receiver. The source is the cartographer (and his or her body of received techniques and style), the medium is the map (and the often ignored immediate contexts within which the map is embedded) and the receiver is the map-reader (as a public or professional 'readership').
A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping and the Geo-Coded World (Frontiers of Human Geography) by John Pickles