By John J. McCarthy
This booklet describes Optimality thought from the pinnacle down, explaining and exploring the imperative premises of OT and the consequences that keep on with from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the conception instead of the examples, on knowing what's precise approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal parts of curiosity. The book's insurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and useful phonology, computational linguistics, old linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with large feedback for extra examining, labeled through subject, and are supplemented by means of an incredible bibliography (over 800 items).
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Additional info for A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in Linguistics)
Once we have learned what we can from candidates with deletion, we can proceed in the same fashion to candidates with epenthesis and other, less familiar unfaithful mappings. The suite of candidates produced by the procedure just described will make a good starting point. Subsequent development of the analysis will target in on candidates showing particular properties. a in (19)) can be brought into conflict, so as to get a fuller picture of the constraint hierarchy. The results of this deduction can then 36 Core of Optimality Theory be brought to bear on the search for input-candidate pairs that can supply ranking arguments for these constraints.
And if C is undominated, then candidates violating C will not be instructive. For example, a first encounter with the Axininca Campa example in (18) might lead to concerns about the failed candidate *ijikomati, where the initial ONSET violation is relieved by metathesis. But if metathesis is never observed in the language, then the faithfulness constraint militating against it (LINEARITY in correspondence theory) must be undominated. Under these circumstances, * rjikomati is just a distraction from the real business at hand - it deserves a footnote at best, and it definitely should not claim space in every tableau when the analysis is written up.
If C3 with these properties exists, then the ranking argument for |C1 » C2] is not valid. In real life, the first two conditions for a valid ranking argument are of constant applicability, whereas the third turns out to be a problem only once in a while. The tableaux in (17a-h) schematize various situations that can arise in practice. 26 (17) Practice tableaux a. /in/ i. B US* ii. outl C * out2 b. /in/ B i. outl ii. out2 C * c. /in/ i. 1ST ii. B c B c outl out2 d. /in/ i. outl ********** ii. j^ 7^ *jfi e.
A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (Research Surveys in Linguistics) by John J. McCarthy