By Jette G. Hansen Edwards
This can be a examine of the phonological improvement of a relations of L2 English newbies. it's the first full-length e-book that specializes in a tightly-knit crew of newcomers' acquisition of phonology over a longitudinal time frame, and the 1st e-book to review either social and linguistic elements throughout that point interval. Jette G. Hansen analyses this knowledge collected from real language beginners within the gentle of modern thought, in addition to hard points of present considering as regards to moment language acquisition. buying a Non-Native Phonology as a result makes a tremendous and unique contribution to the sphere and offers an in-depth research and dialogue of the developmental procedures in buying a non-native sound process which has now not formerly been provided. The publication is geared toward teachers attracted to moment language acquisition, and researchers learning phonology quite often
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As for the nasals, /m/ is a voiced bilabial nasal with two variants, [m] in initial position, which is released, and [mn] in final position, weakly released. The voiced alveolar nasal /n/ has similar allophonic variants, as well, [n], released, in initial position, and [n"1]. /jl/ is a voiced palatal nasal while /q/ is a velar nasal in final position. Both of these phonemes can occur both initially and finally. / is unreleased (it is released in English) and only occurs initially. There are also two semi-vowels, /w/ and /j/, both of which can occur in initial or final position.
A number of data gathering techniques were employed to gather information on social factors and to triangulate data collection in order to better understand how social factors affect language acquisition. My initial research question was broad, concerning social constraints on language learning, which narrowed throughout the study as salient themes, such as identity, gender, LI and L2 use opportunities, acculturation, motivation and attitudes towards Ian- RESEARCHING THE NGUYEN FAMILY • 47 guage use and interactants, began to emerge.
However, this data is employed only as a comparison with the interview data and is therefore not part of the primary data analysis. Additionally, when the word list and reading passage were selected and developed, the focus of the study was coda structures only and therefore the word list and reading passage data is available only for coda structures. The same word list and reading passage were given at each of the three data collection intervals; however, as there was a period of three months between each data collection time, there was only a slight likelihood that the prior reading of the passage and word list had an effect on subsequent readings.
Acquiring a Non-Native Phonology by Jette G. Hansen Edwards